Introduction to watering a bonsai plant
Watering a plant is one of the most important process in Bonsai care.Bonsai Should be taken care so that it doesn’t dry out or get water logged.Outdoor bonsai in rainy season does not need watering.The surface soil has to be little dry before next watering.But never water in a way that the soil or the root gets waterlogged because the root may rot and the plant will die.
The frequency of watering may vary because of reasons like season,soil combination or surface temperature.Make sure to change your watering habits accordingly.There should not be any routine method,water when the plants need them.If the surface is not drying properly try loosening the top soil.When leaf shedding happens water less.
Introduction to pruning a bonsai
In order to keep the bonsai plants healthy and dense pruning a bonsai is very important.Trimming not only helps in keeping the plants in certain size and shape it also helps in getting more branches.Use sharp scissors for small branches and cutters for hard branches.Prune before wiring
Removing of dead branches and leaves
Do pruning as required in growing season . .To get more secondary branches pinch the edges of the shoot.For a bonsai plant appearance and design is key.Pruning a Bonsai is important for getting the old branches removed making the Bonsai appear good.Also remove the faded and dry leaves from the plant.which makes the plant look healthy.
Soil mix for a bonsai
Soil plays the most important role is keeping the entire plant healthy through out its journey.Soil mix for a bonsai should be simple and well drained.When re potting a plant soil mix plays a very crucial role.Use locally available soil materials for the best result.Keeping the soil fancy sometimes helps but sometimes can be disastrous.
- A) Soil
- B) Sieved sand
- C) Cocopeat
- D) Verimiculate
- E) Charcoal
- F) Compost
Mix them proportionately depending on the plant used.Some plants like moisture retention while some hate.Aggregates can be used for a mature plant but it has to be well watered.
Soil mix for a bonsai varies from plant to plant and region to region,But the best results are obtained if the formula is kept simple.
Soil Maintenance for a Bonsai plant
The soil surface condition is also equally important for both health and appearance of the plant.Removal of dead leaves and thorns from soil surface is priority.Also remove the unwanted weeds so the plants get sufficient nutrients and the drain holes doesn’t get blocked.Do not keep the top soil extremely saturated with organic matter.Loosen the surface soil once in while to remove weeds and helping roots get more oxygen.
Introduction to fertilising a bonsai
Applying fertilisers enhances the growth and health of the plant.Organic fertilisers does not harm the Bonsai hence is the most suitable.Organically fertilising a bonsai helps in creation of humus and intern help in the ion exchange process.Also chemical fertilisers like N P K can be applied in a proportionate ratio once in a while to get good result.
Timing for applying fertiliser is also important.Never over fertilise just get result quicker.patience is the key.Understanding the seasonal changes in a plant is crucial in fertilising a bonsai.Feed regularly when plants growing and healthy.Feed less when the leaves have shed.
Advantages of organic fertilisers
It doesn’t harm the plant and is natural product
It forms Humus which plays vital role in Cation exchange
It helps in maintaining soil temperature during summer
It regulates surface moisture of the soil
It creates useful soil enzymes
Loosening the soil helps in keeping soil healthy when organically Fertilising a bonsai.
Introduction to re pot a bonsai
Re pot of a bonsai is a process of changing the soil and trimming of excess roots for a bonsai plant.This is basically done for changing the soil and improving root health.
Repotting a young Bonsai can be done yearly Before the arrival of monsoon also for a mature tree re pot it once in 2 years. Re pot of a bonsai involves a good soil mix . Keep repotted bonsai in shade till new leaves arise or for around 20 days.Excess of roots needs to be trimmed during Re pot of a bonsai.
Tips : Avoid re-pot during winter.
Clean the area around the pot so that it enhances the look of your Bonsai.Apply wax spray around them gently so that algae or dust skids off the surface.Use brushes to remove the dirt underneath the pot.
Pests and disease control
Due to the addition of new varieties of plants,corruption in pesticides industry and greed of humans our plants get infected by many disease.Keeping a Bonsai plant isolated from others may help in saving from disease in the simplest manner.Also Green house may help and over the top pressure watering once in a week may help in removal of eggs of certain insects.
For spraying one can use a 1 litre or 2 litre spray can if plants are less.If plants are more, then 10 or 15 litre spray can be used.For safety always use a hand glove and mask.If spray falls on any body part wash it properly.The best time for spraying is between 7 am to 10 am or 5 to 7 pm when the intensity of sunlight is less.
A disease free plant has good appearance and also last long.Keep your plants clean as it avoids attraction of most of the pest and diseases.Remove the affected leaves and throw them away.Also remove the visible pest or insects found.Commonly found pest are amphids,scale insects, vine weevil,leafcutter bee,catarpillars, snails etx.For example amphids use rogor0.2%, White ants use Carbryl dust,Red spider use Sulphur 0.2%.
For disease like Powdery mildew spray fungicide,Rust apply zinc paste,Curly leaf spray copper based fungicide,Gray mould spray general Fungicide.
Shaping with wire is one of the most widely used technique used in bonsai.This helps in design and shaping of the bonsai tree.While wiring check the trunks flexibility and use the required wire guage to bend the branches or trunk.Remove the wire before it brings a mark on the branch and damge the bark.Check the wiring regularly.
Use soft Aluminum wire or copper wire.
When trees grow vigorously during growing season and can easily grow completely out of shape in a very short time do pinching regularly to maintain the shape of the bonsai tree.The normal process is done using pointed scissor to pinch the new shoots.Use yours fingers to remove them in early stages
If regular care is not taken it may affect the overall appearance of the bonsai.Hence remove the Damaged and dry leaves by using you fingers or with Scissors.If they is a die-back within the branch remove it with branch cutters.
Due to regular watering and climatic changes one may observe moss algae or dirt on the trunk surface. Using a brush will easily remove it spraying water while brushing will help in removing fine dirt particles.Also protect your tree from extreme weather condition like heavy rainfall or cold winters or heavy heat
Sunlight is the ultimate source of energy for all living organism including plants specially bonsai.Plants are autotrophs that is they prepare their own food,through the process of photosynthesis.
The tropical used here are no expections.The trees can be kept in direct sunlight or indirect sunlight.For example a terrace or balcony but never indoor specially in dark rooms.If there is a open roof and huge glass window/wall then certain varieties can be kept.For Long life of Bonsai it is best kept outdoor so the plan feels comfortable.
Water forms major part of the plant body.it is the nutrient carries for the plants.Major functioning of the plants are regulated by the water itself.
Watering a bonsai should not be based on books or scriptures but according to the need of the plant.Environment,Soil,Season and Plant types alter the watering.Ensure the drainage holes are not blocked.Use Rose Can for watering the plants.Let the surface soil dry before next watering.After fertilising always water.